Dementia can affect anyone at any age. However, it is most commonly seen in older adults. In some rare cases, dementia can also affect children.

This is known as childhood dementia. Childhood dementia can cause a child to experience a wide range of symptoms that can be difficult for parents to identify and understand.

In this article, we will discuss 10 warning signs that parents need to be aware of in order to get their children the help they need.

What is Childhood Dementia?

A rare and complicated kind of dementia that affects youngsters is called childhood dementia. It can lead to a variety of problems, including behavioral changes, communication problems, memory loss, and trouble picking up new skills. This is a devastating condition that affects many children, resulting from an array of over 70 rare genetic disorders.

These include Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses, Peroxisomal disease Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA), Niemann-Pick type C, Batten Disease, and Sanfilippo Syndrome - all causing progressive brain damage in those afflicted. The injury to the brain before or after birth, as well as disorders including meningitis, encephalitis, and certain genetic abnormalities, are regarded to be the main causes of childhood dementia.

Additionally, environmental factors, including lead poisoning, exposure to chemicals, and brain traumas, can cause childhood dementia. Sometimes there is no recognized reason why a youngster develops dementia.

Types of Childhood Dementia

There are several types of child dementia affecting children of different ages. Each with its own symptoms, causes, and treatments. We'll explore the different types of childhood dementia and their characteristics.

Down syndrome Dementia

Down syndrome dementia is a type of childhood dementia that affects individuals with down syndrome. It is a progressive brain disorder that typically develops in middle age, although some symptoms may appear earlier.

Symptoms of Down syndrome dementia include memory loss, disorientation, and behavioral changes. There is no cure for Down syndrome dementia, but early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms.

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD)

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a rare genetic disorder that affects the nervous system and adrenal glands. It is a progressive disorder that leads to a decline in cognitive function, motor skills, and communication abilities. ALD typically affects boys and young men, but girls can also be affected.

Symptoms of ALD include behavioral changes, memory loss, and difficulty speaking or walking. Treatment for ALD typically involves hormone replacement therapy and other supportive care.

Sanfilippo Syndrome

Sanfilippo Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects the breakdown of complex sugars in the body. It is a progressive disorder that leads to a decline in cognitive function, behavior, and speech. Sanfilippo Syndrome stages are 3 and typically affects children and is often misdiagnosed as autism or ADHD.

Symptoms of Sanfilippo Syndrome include hyperactivity, aggression, and sleep disturbances. Sanfilippo Syndrome life expectancy among patients is 10-20 years. There is no cure for Sanfilippo Syndrome, but early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms.

Batten Disease

Batten Disease is a rare genetic disorder that affects the nervous system. It is a progressive disorder that leads to a decline in cognitive function, motor skills, and vision. Batten Disease typically affects children and is often misdiagnosed as epilepsy or a mental illness.

Symptoms of Batten Disease include seizures, memory loss, and behavioral changes. There is no cure for Batten Disease, but early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms. Childhood Dementia is a rare but serious condition that affects the cognitive development of children.

There are several types of Childhood Dementia, each with its own symptoms, causes, and treatments. Early diagnosis, genetic testing, and treatment are crucial in helping manage the symptoms of Childhood Dementia and improving the quality of life for affected children and their families. If you suspect that your child may be affected by Childhood Dementia, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action.

Childhood Dementia vs. Childhood Alzheimer’s- What’s the Difference?

Child dementia and childhood Alzheimer’s disease are terms often used interchangeably, but there is a significant difference between the two, especially when it comes to children. Childhood dementia and childhood Alzheimers are both forms of cognitive decline, but there are specific differences between the two that are important for parents and caregivers to understand.

To help you better understand the differences between childhood dementia and childhood Alzheimer’s, here is a side-by-side comparison:


Childhood Dementia

Childhood Alzheimer's


A group of rare disorders that cause cognitive decline and memory loss in children and adolescents.

A specific form of childhood dementia caused by abnormal deposits of protein in the brain, leading to progressive brain damage and cognitive decline.

Age of Onset

Can occur at any age during childhood or adolescence.

Typically begins in early childhood.


Can result from a variety of causes, including brain injuries, infections, genetic conditions, and metabolic imbalances.

Caused by abnormal deposits of protein in the brain.


Can have a more gradual progression.

Often rapid, leading to rapid cognitive decline.


Memory loss, difficulty communicating, trouble with everyday tasks, changes in mood and behavior, and difficulty sleeping.

Memory loss, difficulty communicating, trouble with everyday tasks, and changes in mood and behavior.


May involve a variety of diagnostic tests and evaluations.

Requires specialized tests and evaluations.

Understanding the differences between the two is important for early detection, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate treatment.

10 Warning Signs of Childhood Dementia Symptoms

A child suffering from dementia throwing tantrums

Children and adolescents who have childhood dementia have memory loss and cognitive deterioration. Childhood dementia is a collection of uncommon illnesses. For afflicted children and their families, early diagnosis and treatment of childhood dementia can significantly improve outcomes and quality of life.

Ten indicators of child dementia that parents and other caregivers should be alert to are listed below:

Memory Loss: Memory loss is one of the earliest and most obvious symptoms of child dementia. Children who have dementia suffer memory loss, confusion, and trouble remembering names, locations, or recent events, and they may have trouble recalling knowledge they have previously had.

Communication Problems: Young patients with dementia may also have communication problems. Speaking, writing, or comprehending others may be difficult for them.

Reduced Capacity to Focus and Pay Attention: A decline in mental ability can also be brought on by childhood dementia. They could have trouble focusing on work or paying attention to directions.

Difficulty with Daily Tasks: Children who have dementia may also have difficulty with daily tasks, including dressing themselves, eating, and taking a bath. They could struggle to coordinate their actions or finish straightforward activities.

Changes in Behavior and Emotional: Dementia in children can also cause behavioral and emotional difficulties. They could start showing hyperactivity and emotional issues like behaving aggressively or inappropriately, or they might start being moody, angry, worried, or have epileptic seizures.

Difficulty with Coordination and Balance: Children with dementia may also have trouble coordinating their movements and maintaining their balance. They can struggle with balancing, running, or walking.

Personality Changes: The personalities and social skills of children with dementia may also change. They could become more reclusive or alone, and they might find it difficult to build and keep connections with other people.

Sleeping Problems: Dementia in children might make it difficult for them to sleep. They could struggle to get asleep, remain asleep, or sleep the entire night.

Confusion and disorientation: Childhood dementia results in confusion and disorientation among children. They could easily get lost, lose track of where they are or have trouble getting back home.

Loss of Interest in Favorite Activities: Dementia-diagnosed kids may also lose interest in their hobbies. They might not be as interested in hobbies, gaming, or other past interests.

It is crucial to remember that these early symptoms might also be a sign of other ailments, so it is always better to speak with a doctor if you have any worries about the health and development of your kid.

Tips for Parents to Manage Childhood Dementia

Parent interacting with a dementia child

For parents and other caregivers, dealing with childhood dementia may be stressful and demanding. However, it is feasible to control the symptoms of childhood dementia and enhance the quality of life for afflicted children and their families with the correct care and resources. Parents can control childhood dementia disorders by following these suggestions:

Obtain a Correct Diagnosis: Obtaining a correct diagnosis is the first step in managing childhood dementia. A doctor can do tests and assess your kid's symptoms to establish if dementia is present in your child and, if so, what type.

Self-Education: It's critical for parents to become knowledgeable about childhood dementia. Attend support groups, read books, and speak with other families who have dealt with the issue.

Establish a Safe and Supportive Environment: Because children with dementia may experience memory loss, confusion, and disorientation, it is critical to establish a safe and supportive environment. Make sure your child has easy access to needs like food, drink, and the restroom. Remove tripping hazards, tie up loose rugs, and secure them.

Keep a Pattern: Since children with dementia often have trouble with transitions and changes, it's crucial to keep a routine. Set up a regular routine for meals, activities, and bedtime, and try to keep to it.

Foster Engagement: It's crucial to encourage engagement since children living with childhood dementia may lose interest in previously enjoyed activities. Encourage your youngster to engage in their interests' hobbies, games, and other activities.

Be Patient and Understanding: It's crucial to be patient, and understanding since children with dementia may struggle with communication, coordination, and mood. Give your child a lot of love and support, and try not to become upset or irritated.

Seek Professional Assistance: Therapy, counseling and other professional assistance may be beneficial for kids who have dementia. Both you and your family can benefit from the support and guidance of a counselor who can also assist your kid in coping with the emotional and psychological effects of dementia.

Connect with Other Families: Families of children with dementia can gain by getting in touch with other families who are experiencing similar issues. Attend support meetings, sign up for online forums, and ask other families for help and guidance.

Take Care of  Yourself: It's critical to look after yourself since managing childhood dementia may be taxing and draining. Make time for self-care activities like exercise, hobbies, and socializing with friends. If you're feeling overburdened or pressured, ask for assistance.

Although dealing with childhood dementia can be difficult, but it is essential to mitigate it. The reason behind this is that childhood dementia can lead to adult dementia, retinal degeneration, and other diseases. Parents and caregivers may support their children with dementia in leading happy, full lives by adhering to these suggestions.

Dementia is a broad term used to describe symptoms that impact memory, the performance of daily activities, and communication abilities. Globally, about one in every 2,800 newborns is born with a disease that results in childhood dementia, and the early disease onset is rare. However, it’s important for parents to be aware of the warning signs so they can get their child help as early as possible.

If you notice any of these 10 warning signs in your child, don’t hesitate to contact your doctor. With proper diagnosis and treatment, many people with dementia are able to lead full lives.