This article is reviewed, corrected, and approved by: Dr. Joshua Collins M.D. | MRCP। FRCP

Did you know that there are hidden culprits lurking behind heart disease?  While many people are aware of the well-known risk factors for heart like high cholesterol and smoking, several lesser-known factors can also contribute to heart disease. I will unveil these hidden culprits and how they can increase your risk of developing CKM heart disease.  

What Causes CKM Heart Disease

CKM heart disease messes with the muscle in your ticker. It can make pumping blood a real struggle for your heart. Consequently, it can develop heart disease like heart failure, irregular heartbeat, and sudden cardiac death.

Various factors for heart can lead to CKM heart disease:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Among the symptoms of heart failure, the most common is the constriction or blockage of the coronary arteries, which impedes the flow of blood flow in the body oxygen to the cardiac muscle.


A sphygmomanometer is placed on a book. Credits: ReviewsFellas©

Cardiomyopathy is a broad term for heart muscle-related diseases, with various types, each having its own causes and treatments.

Valvular Heart Disease

When heart valves don't function correctly, it strains the heart muscle, potentially causing damage.

Congenital Heart Disease

Some congenital heart conditions can lead to CKM heart disease later in life.

Common Conditions and Risk Factors of CKM

According to AHA (American Heart Association) 6% of the people of the United States are affected by this condition. It doesn't matter how old you are, as it can impact anyone. However, it tends to be more common among adults who are 65 years old or older.

Certain factors increase the risk of developing CKM heart disease:

  • Age: More common in adults over 65.
  • Gender: Men are more susceptible than women.
  • Family History: If your family has a history of CKM heart disease, you're at higher risk.
  • Medical Conditions: Health problems like diabetes high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity raise the chances of developing complications.
  • Behavioral Patterns: The risk can be increased by habits such as smoking, heavy drinking, and leading a physically inactive lifestyle.


A man suffering from chest pain due to CKM heart disease. Credits: ReviewsFellas©

CKM or chronic kidney disease and heart disease symptoms in men and women can include chest pain or discomfort, often as pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the chest. Women tend to have an increased risk of heart disease after going through menopause. It's because a hormone called estrogen, which actually helps protect the heart, decreases once menopause takes place. 

Symptoms can be different based on the severity and underlying cause. But typical indications include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in legs and feet
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations (rapid heartbeat)
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Coughing
  • Difficulty lying flat

Diagnosis of Ckm Heart Disease

To diagnose or  CKM heart disease, a doctor conducts a physical exam, reviews medical history, and may order tests such as blood tests, echocardiograms, stress tests, or cardiac catheterization.

Treatment of CKM

Treatment options depends on the cause and severity. Daily routine modifications like quitting smoking, weight loss, and regular exercise can often help improve symptoms and slow progression.

Medications are also used, including:

  • ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers to lower blood pressure.
  • Blood pressure and heart rate can be reduced with beta blockers.
  • Diuretics to remove excess fluid.
  • Digoxin to strengthen the heart muscle.
  • Anticoagulants to prevent blood clots.

In severe cases (4th stage of heart failure 4 stages), surgery or other procedures like heart transplants or left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) may be necessary for those with heart failure.


The outlook varies based on the cause and severity, but early diagnosis and treatment can enable many individuals with CKM heart disease (heart disease icd 10) to lead long and healthy lives.

Prevention of C K M

A woman doing kettlebell exercise. Credits: ReviewsFellas©

To prevent CKM heart disease and maintain a good heart, you should:

  • Follow a proper health care diet plan specially low cholesterol diet. Read more about it from here: Low Cholesterol Diet Plan - Your Key to a Healthy Heart
  • Engage in regular exercise and physical activity.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Manage stress.
  • Engage in heart health boosting activities more
  • Maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and glucose levels
Solve this quiz about "CKM Heart Disease" and test your knowledge!
Question 1: What is the scientific name for the yerba mate plant?
A. Ilex paraguariensis
B. Paullinia cupana
C. Camellia sinensis
D. Catuaba
Question 2: What is the most common way to consume yerba mate?
A. As a hot beverage brewed in a gourd and sipped through a bombilla
B. As a cold beverage known as tereré
C. As a food ingredient, such as in ice cream or granola bars
D. All of the above
Question 3: What is the main active ingredient in yerba mate?
A. Caffeine
B. Theobromine
C. Theophylline
D. All of the above

The Bottom Line

According to Heart Disease and stroke Prevention Center, about 700,000 people alone in the us die from heart disease every year. Can you imagine it!

CKM heart disease is a matter of concern. But it's often preventable and treatable. If you're at risk, discussing preventive measures with your doctor is essential.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What are the stages of CKM syndrome?

Ans: CKM syndrome evolves through 5 phases:

Stage 0 CKM: There are no CKM risk factors.

Stage 1 CKM: Early warning signals appear.

Stage 2 CKM: Health concerns appear.

Stage 3 CKM: Cardiac and blood vessel abnormalities appear.

Stage 4 CKM: Signals and symptoms of cardiac difficulties appear.

  1. What is kidney metabolic ckm syndrome?

Ans: Heart, kidney, and metabolism are all impacted by the medical illness known as cardiovascular kidney metabolic syndrome (CKM syndrome). It happens when any one of the body's three vital organs is not operating at its best. Obesity, type 2 diabetes, kidney failure (complete kidney function disruption), and cardiovascular disease all coexist with CKM syndrome.