This article is reviewed, corrected, and approved by: Dr. Joshua Collins M.D. | MRCP। FRCP

The foot is an essential part of the human body. As one of the most vital parts of the human body, feet are susceptible to various issues that can cause discomfort, pain, and even disability. Flat feet surgery is a procedure that aims to correct this condition by reconstructing the arches with the use of bone grafts, implants, or sutures. 

What Is Flat Feet Surgery? 

It is a surgical procedure to correct the structure of the foot and improve its function. It is typically recommended for people who have severe flat feet that cause pain and discomfort, limit mobility, or increase the risk of developing other foot problems.

Types of Flat Feet Surgery

There are two main types of flat feet surgery:

  • Fusion surgery: This procedure involves fusing two or more bones in the foot to create a more secure and stable arch.
  • Soft tissue surgery: During this procedure, damaged tendons and ligaments are repaired or replaced in order to improve the foot's stability.

Flat Feet Surgery Pros and Cons

We are about to discuss some advantages and disadvantages of flat feet surgery.

Pros of Flat Feet Surgery

Flat feet surgery can offer a number of benefits, including

Pain relief

Flat feet surgery can relieve ankle pain and discomfort caused by flat feet.

Improved function and mobility

Surgery for flat feet can enhance foot function and mobility. It makes it easier for individuals to walk, run, and engage in various activities.

Reduced risk of complications

Having your flat feet corrected can help lower your risk of new issues or foot problems.

Improved quality of life

People who have flat feet may benefit from flat foot surgery. Participation in daily activities that bring joy and enhance the overall quality of life is of utmost importance to many individuals.

Better solution than therapy

For long-term advantages, surgery is better than flat feet therapies.

Cons of Flat Feet Surgery

Flat feet surgery can cause prolonged post-surgery pain. Credits: ReviewsFellas©

Flat feet surgery also has some potential risks and drawbacks, including:

Long and painful recovery period

The recovery period from flat feet surgery can be long and painful. Lasting several weeks or even months. After the procedure, flat feet and ankle pain may be felt.

Risk of complications

Like any surgery, flat feet surgery carries the potential for complications like infection, nerve damage, and incisions that do not heal properly.

High cost of surgery

Flat feet surgery can be expensive and uninsured.

Soreness and Pain

You may encounter flat feet, ankle pain, and soreness after the procedure, particularly if you have flat feet.

Other Considerations

A doctor checking flat feet.Credits: ReviewsFellas©

Before you think about having surgery for flat feet, it's crucial to talk to a foot and ankle surgeon about all your treatment choices. There exist several non-invasive options worth considering, including orthotics, physical therapy, and modifications to one's daily routine.

These alternatives may potentially be mentally and physically beneficial and worth exploring before opting for surgery. Surgery should only be considered if these non-surgical treatments haven't been successful in giving you relief.

Can you solve this quiz about "Flat Feet Surgery Pros And Cons"
What is the main goal of flat feet surgery?
A. To correct the structure of the foot and improve its function
B. To relieve pain and inflammation
C. To improve the appearance of the foot
D. To prevent the development of arthritis
What are some of the potential benefits of flat feet surgery?
A. Pain relief
B. Improved mobility and range of motion
C. Reduced risk of injuries
D. All of the above
What is one of the most important things to discuss with your doctor before deciding whether or not to have flat feet surgery?
A. The risks and benefits of the surgery
B. Your individual needs, goals, and expectations for surgery
C. Your overall health and fitness
D. The cost of the surgery

Collapsed Arch vs Flat Feet


Collapsed Arches

Flat Feet


The gradual collapse of the foot's arch is the underlying cause of this issue.

This condition is characterized by a flattened or absent arch of the foot, resulting in the whole sole contacting the ground.

Medical Term

Pes Planus

Pes Planus or Pes Planovalgus


Aging, injury, obesity, excessive pronation (rolling inward of the foot), overuse, or underlying medical conditions.

There are many causes, including hereditary and injury.

Arch Shape

Initially, it had a normal arch that had lost its shape and flattened.

Usually, there was no significant arch from the beginning.

Pain and Discomfort

Often results in pain and discomfort in the arch area, along the inner side of the ankle, and possibly the calf and knee.

This condition may result in discomfort in the arch, heel, and occasionally the lower leg and knee.


Arch appears normal when not weight-bearing but flattens when standing or walking.

The arch appears flat or nearly non-existent, even when not weight-bearing.


When wet, the footprint may show a normal arch, but it collapses when weight is applied.

The footprint shows a complete foot outline with no or very minimal arch.

Treatment Options

Orthotic insoles, physical therapy, supportive footwear, and surgery.

Orthotic insoles, arch supports, physical therapy, stretching, and supportive shoes. Surgery in rare cases

Common Symptoms

Pain, fatigue, and difficulty walking due to arch and heel pain.

Pain or discomfort in the arch, heel, and, sometimes, along the inner side of the ankle or shin.

Associated/Related Conditions

Continuous pressure on the feet can lead to a range of ailments. Including plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, and shin splints.

It can contribute to problems such as bunions, hammertoes, and knee or hip pain.

Age of Onset

Can develop in adults, often as they age, but can also be seen in children with improper foot development.

This condition may start in childhood and persist into adulthood.

How To Decide Whether or Not Flat Feet Surgery Is Right for You?

The decision of whether or not to have flat feet surgery is personal. It is important to weigh the pros and cons carefully and talk to your surgeon about your expectations and goals. If you are currently in the process of decision-making, the following factors may be worth considering:

  • The severity of your symptoms: It actually depends on how much pain and discomfort you feel due to flat feet.
  • The risks and benefits of surgery: Talk to your surgeon about your confusion or questions. Also, the risks and benefits of surgery.
  • Your expectations and goals: Expectations might be like what you hope to achieve with surgery. Either are your expectations realistic or not, etc. 
  • Your lifestyle: Before deciding to undergo surgery, consider your lifestyle, the future health benefits, and the risks associated with this. 


Flat feet surgery can be a life-changing procedure for some people. Especially those who have severe flat feet that cause pain and discomfort, limit mobility, or increase the risk of developing other foot problems. 

Before undergoing any surgery, to make a rational decision, it is necessary to examine flat feet surgery pros and cons in depth. It's better to have a conversation with your foot and ankle surgeon. To explore all available treatment choices. And openly discuss your desired outcomes and objectives.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What are the good feet arch support costs? 

Ans: Generally, a good arch support costs around $300 to $500 in the US.

Q: What are the differences between supination vs pronation?

Ans: Supination is the outward rolling of the foot, while pronation is the inward rolling of the foot. These motions are most commonly associated with the ankle and are part of the natural gait cycle.

Q: Are Birkenstocks good for flat feet? 

Ans: Many users gave positive reviews that birkenstocks might be good for feet. But there is no scientific proof. 

Q: What does curvy feet mean?

Ans: Curvy feet have a natural S-shape and are often wider than other foot types.

Key Takeways

Summary: Flat Feet Surgery: Pros and Cons

    Types of Flat Feet Surgery

    • Fusion Surgery: Involves fusing two or more foot bones to create a stable arch.
    • Soft Tissue Surgery: Repairs or replaces damaged tendons and ligaments to enhance foot stability.

    Pros of Flat Feet Surgery

    • Pain Relief: Alleviates ankle pain and discomfort associated with flat feet.
    • Improved Function and Mobility: Enhances foot function, making activities like walking and running easier.
    • Reduced Risk of Complications: Lowers the risk of developing new foot problems.
    • Improved Quality of Life: Enables participation in daily activities, enhancing overall well-being.
    • Long-term Solution: Offers more lasting benefits compared to therapies.

    Cons of Flat Feet Surgery

    • Long Recovery: Involves a potentially lengthy and painful recovery period, lasting weeks to months.
    • Risk of Complications: Like any surgery, carries potential risks such as infection, nerve damage, and poor incision healing.
    • High Cost: Can be expensive, especially for those without insurance.
    • Post-surgery Discomfort: May experience soreness, ankle pain, and flat feet discomfort after the procedure.

    Other Considerations

    Before opting for flat feet surgery, explore non-invasive options like orthotics, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. These alternatives can be mentally and physically beneficial and should be considered before surgery.