Diabetes can be hard to manage, and it needs constant attention and monitoring to make sure it stays in check. In the majority of cases, one of the most common signs and symptoms of diabetes is ankle swelling and swollen feet, also known as peripheral edema.

Without proper care, diabetes can have serious health consequences. Understanding and caring for swollen feet caused by diabetes can help improve a person's health and lower the risk of complications.

We will look at diabetes swollen feet, including their causes, signs and symptoms, prevention, and treatments.

What is Swollen Feet or Heat Edema?

Edema-filled diabetic feet pictures beginning stages. Credit- ReviewsFellas© 

The condition of heat edema, also known as diabetic foot swelling and swollen ankles, is a common complication of the disease. It happens when there is too much glucose in the bloodstream, which can lead to yellow feet diabetes.

Swollen feet are a common side effect of diabetes. They can cause a lot of discomfort and even pain, which can drastically lower a person's quality of life.

Heat edema is usually caused by high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and poor blood flow. To understand what causes diabetes in swollen feet, it's essential to know the underlying causes behind heat edema.

Causes of Foot Swelling in Diabetics

For people with diabetes, foot swelling is a major cause of concern for several reasons. One of the effects of elevated blood sugar levels is the accumulation of fluid in the cells, which can lead to edema, the medical term for swelling.

However, diabetes can cause damage to the nerves, along with damage to blood vessels, which can make it difficult for the body to send signals that tell the kidneys when to retain or release water. It can also cause fluid retention and swelling.

Some of the diabetes medicines, while effective, can also induce fluid retention and sometimes swollen legs and feet.

Foods That Cause Swelling in Feet

High sodium foods can cause swollen feet. Credit- ReviewsFellas© 

Canned soups, for example, are high in sodium intake, and processed snacks can contribute to swelling. Also, foods with high levels of refined sugar and gluten can cause swelling in feet.

There are a few reasons why foot and leg swelling are common problems for people with diabetes. Diabetes-related nerve damage can impair a person or body's ability to perceive pain, making it difficult for a diabetic to know when they have been hurt.

This can lead to swelling from an injury, something you probably aren't even conscious about.

Here are some reasons for diabetes swollen feet:

  • Nerve damage or slow nerve function.
  • Other medication
  • Poor circulation
  • Congestive heart failure
  • High blood glucose levels
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Infections
  • Injuries

Diabetes can also cause poor circulation and an inability to maintain stable blood sugar levels, which means that the nutrients and oxygen your feet need may not reach them.

Poor blood circulation can cause a blood clot, resulting in inflammation and swelling. Additionally, diabetes can cause fluid retention, leading to foot swelling.

Signs And Symptoms of Foot Swelling

Feet pain is a symptom of swollen feet. Credit- ReviewsFellas© 

This symptom can be both painful and frustrating to deal with. We already discussed what causes diabetes and swollen feet.

A few different signs and symptoms may indicate that you have diabetes and swollen feet.

One of the most common is if your shoes or socks feel tighter than usual or if you experience pain or cramping in your feet or toes.

Tighter footwear or socks obstruct the normal blood flow (blood vessels) to the lower extremities or the entire body.

You may also notice that your feet feel hot to the touch, are red or inflamed, or have blisters or ulcers on them.

Primary signs and symptoms of foot swelling

  • Less movement in the affected joint
  • Skin that stays depressed when pressed
  • Warm-feeling skin
  • Redness or discoloration of the area affected
  • Feelings of numbness or tingling in the affected area
  • Lower extremity swelling (edema) that can affect the feet, ankles, and legs
  • Tightness or pressure in the afflicted area
  • Discolored or sagging skin
  • Having trouble standing or pain while walking

If any of these symptoms are present, it's important to contact your doctor immediately so they can rule out any other potential causes and begin treating the diabetes-related swelling.

Treatment for Diabetes Swollen Feet

Foot massage is a treatment of diabetes swollen feet

When it comes to how to treat swollen feet, there are various options available out there. Swollen feet can be treated by putting your feet up when sitting, which will help reduce ankle swelling.

Feet and ankle edema can be reduced by rubbing the affected areas. Another way to treat diabetes-swollen feet is to put ice on them for 10-20 minutes at a time.

Foods that reduce swelling in feet and ankles

Taking in plenty of potassium-rich foods, like bananas, beans, and spinach, can help reduce swelling.

Green Tea, turmeric, cinnamon, and Omega-3 are good for reducing swelling in the feet, especially in the lower extremities, legs, and ankles.

Putting ice on feet helps reduce swelling, inflammation and also helps to numb the pain. There are several ways to treat diabetes dry feet, and swollen feet.

Such as foot care, healthy lifestyle, medication, blood pressure medications, sugar monitoring, managing other health conditions, or even foot surgery. Let's see some tips on how to prevent this.

Prevention Tips for Foot Swelling

A woman changing into comfortable shoes. Credit- ReviewsFellas© 

Managing your diabetes can be overwhelming, but it's critical for preventing feet swelling and yellowing due to diabetes. When it comes to feet swelling diabetes, prevention is key.

The following are some suggestions for minimizing the effects of feet swelling:

There are some options to consider to prevent excessive swelling of the feet.

Wear loose, comfortable shoes and socks

Avoid wearing constricting shoes or socks, as this can worsen foot swelling. You can you compression socks instead.

Elevate your feet when possible

Consider sitting on a stool or footstool with your feet elevated. The swelling in your feet will be reduced as a result.

Work out on a regular basis

The heat edema in your feet can be reduced by exercising to increase circulation and prevent excess fluid buildup.

Avoid excessive amounts of salt intake

If you consume too much salt, your feet may become swollen because of fluid retention.

Cool Compress Application

Apply a cool compress or take a cool bath when you experience swelling.

Eat Healthy Foods

Eat healthy foods that reduce swelling, such as leafy greens, pineapple, and papaya.

Change Sitting Posture

If you want to keep your blood flowing well, you shouldn't sit in the same place or cross your legs for long periods.

Avoid Edema Causing Food and Beverages

Refrain from eating food and beverages that may cause edema, such as salt, alcohol, and caffeine. Limit your intake of foods that can cause swelling, such as processed foods, sugary snacks, and fried foods.

Ways To Keep Your Feet Healthy and Comfortable

Living with diabetes and swollen feet can be difficult and uncomfortable. Here are some ways to keep your feet healthy and comfortable:

1. Wear comfortable shoes that fit properly. The probability of developing sores, warts, and other foot issues is diminished when shoes are a good fit.

2. It is best to stand or sit in a short time position for too long. Try to avoid sitting or standing in the same place for a long time. It can cause pressure and swelling in your feet. Try to move around often, and if necessary, elevate your feet when you are seated.

3. Avoid foods that cause swelling in your feet and ankles. Common culprits include salt, alcohol, processed foods, and sugary drinks. Alternatively, go for nutrients like vegetables, fruits, and lean meats that help control edema.

Choosing Appropriate Footwear for Swollen Feet

When it comes to diabetes-swollen feet, appropriate footwear can make a world of difference. Heat edema, or swelling caused by hot weather, is a common side effect of diabetes, and ill-fitting shoes can worsen it.

In order to reduce discomfort, it's best to purchase shoes with wide-toe boxes, adjustable lacing and straps, and plenty of cushions.

Avoiding tight shoes is also important, as they can cause increased swelling and smell bad. There are now lots of shoes for swollen diabetic feet that can be found in the market.

Lastly, extra wide shoes for swollen feet may give you relief. Swollen feet with diabetic symptoms may lead to a dangerous problem. So, picking out the right shoes for swollen feet is essential.

Seeking Medical Advice from a Foot Doctor

Regarding feet swelling and diabetes, it's important to seek medical advice from your doctor.

If you're experiencing heat edema, yellow feet diabetes, cracked feet diabetes then your doctor can assist you in determining the most appropriate way to protect from any potential harm.

Your doctor can also offer you advice on foods that can either cause swelling in your feet or help to reduce swelling in your feet and ankles. You can achieve your overall health goals by following the doctor's suggestion to manage your diabetes-swollen feet in a suitable way.


An untreated diabetic foot swelling can cause pain, disability, and even death. A swollen foot is one of many complications of diabetes that can be managed through various treatments.

Investing in suitable footwear and eating the right foods can make a big difference for people with diabetes and experiencing swollen feet.

If you have swollen diabetic feet, consult a doctor immediately to discuss treatment choices; lifestyle and dietary changes might aid in treating swollen feet.

Despite the risks associated with diabetes-related health complications, with proper care and regular monitoring, people with diabetes can lead full and active lives.

It is also essential to take all recommended steps to manage diabetes, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, taking prescribed medications, and selecting the proper footwear.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a foot doctor called?

Ans: Podiatrists, ankle doctor, and chiropodists are the medical terms used to describe foot specialists.

Q: What causes swollen feet?

Ans: Standing or sitting posture, obesity, diabetes, injury, pregnancy, and medication side effects might cause swollen feet.

Q: Does walking help swollen feet?

Ans: Walking lowers foot edema. Walking reduces swelling by reabsorbing fluid from your feet. Walking helps circulation and swollen feet.

Q: How can I find a foot surgeon near me?

Ans: You can check with the hospital in your area or ask friends or family for suggestions. Nowadays, many apps found on the internet might help you find a foot specialist or a foot doctor.

Q: What does a podiatrist do?

Ans: Podiatrists are foot specialists who treat and perform foot, lower leg and ankle surgeries on patients with issues with their feet, ankles, or lower legs.